Girilal Jain, a doyen of Indian journalists and editor of The Times of India from 1978 to 1988, was a passionate crusader of the Hindu cause. His posthumous work puts into historical perspective the growing Hindu self-awareness and self-assertion. The author believes that a fundamental shift took place in the power balance between Hindus and Muslims as a result of the consolidation of the British Raj and the disarming of the populace which began in 1818 and was completed in 1858. This shift, he contends, was not reversed by the pro-Muslim change in the official attitude, starting from the 1870s, and by the policy of divide and rule, though it led to the partition of the country in 1947. It is from the establishment of the British rule that the author traces the rise of Hindus.