Starting with an introduction to J&K state and an analysis of its culture called Kashmiriat, this book proceeds through an account of the Ethnic Triangle, the Mughal and the Hindu rule in Kashmir, the Muslim Awakening under Sheikh Abdullah and his efforts to build a new Kashmir. It discusses the demand of Kashmir Autonomy in the background of Centre- State Relations and the Recommendations of Sarkaria Commission. Summarizing the Autonomy Proposals the book analyses union Governments reaction to it. Pointing out that the doors are open for dialogue and that the search for solution continues, the book ends with the message that the solution to the problems of Kashmir Autonomy lies in an exercise in Centre-State relations acceptable to all parties alike. The continuous uncertainty with respect to the status of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh has been lingering on for over the decades now. After exodus of Kashmiri Pandits from the Valley, the solution to the problem had to be immediate, but the successive government ignored it for their all selfish interests just for Late PM Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who was serious enough to resolve it at the earliest. The current BJP government at the centre has always stood for the cause of the people from the beginning. In the process they had to sacrifice the life of their stalwart Shri Shyama Prasad Mookherjee. In their election manifesto for 2019, the BJP has promised to save the interest of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. And in the process, the resolution has been brought in the parliament to remove article 370 which also incorporates 35A also. Now Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh have been divided into two union territories. 1.) Ladakh without any assembly, to be governed by the centre and 2.) Jammu and Kashmir with their own assembly. This move completely integrates Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh with the Indian states.