This book is a compilation work and embodies a fairly comprehensive information of the fundamental aspects of diabetes, herbal based antidiabetic research and antidiabetic plants in India. This book will promote research aspirations in botanists and particularly beginners in the area of medical botany. It also provide information to the pharmacy students and researchers in identifying antidiabetic agents from natural resource and in standardizing herbal formulations/crude drugs. It provides information briefly about the important work done in antidiabetic research and in detailed account on the work done in antidiabetic research and a detailed account on the work done during 1995 to 2002 encompassing more than 200 references. This book also provides brief information about diabetes, especially pertaining to NIDDM; different antidiabetic agents and management of NDDM. Information about animal models used in the screening of plant extracts, experimental protocols in antidiabetic research is also given in detail. This book also offers information about the antidiabetic plants available in India, brief description about the plant, its distribution in India, flowering fruiting season, vernacular names, methods of propagation with a brief account of the herbal use in treating diabetes.