Emerging from Wuhan, China in December 2019, the Novel Coronavirus spread like wildfire and engulfed the whole world within three months resulting into the COVID-19 pandemic. While the world leaders are still struggling to control the pandemic as also to rejuvenate their drowning economies, China made aggressive moves in the Indo-Pacific both in sea and on land. With coronavirus positive cases having crossed 4.5 million and its economy likely to contract by 5 percent in the current year, India is facing a belligerent China that has shattered the 45-year long peace in Galwan Valley, Eastern Ladakh, on June 15, 2020. In this time of geopolitical uncertainty, India is facing complex challenges as never before: internally, to control the spread of pandemic as also revive the economy; and externally to defend her territorial integrity on land and sea both. India would like China to restore status quo ante on the Line of Actual Control at the earliest. At the same time, India must defeat coronavirus and establish herself as a key figure in the global supply chain. Aatma-Nirbhar Bharat (Self-Reliant India): Challenges and Opportunities covers India`s comprehensive response to China`s aggressive behaviour in the emerging geopolitical environment and elaborates the opportunities available in the social, economic, diplomatic and technological domains, which can be leveraged to achieve the Aatma-Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (Self-Reliant India Mission) launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.