This book attempted to examine the historical perspective of the economic system in Manipur during the Medieval period. Manipur is known for its unique mosaic of ethnic diversity and geographical features. It also states that the history of humankind, primitive or civilised, dealt with their battle for existence. The changing processes and evolution from the barbaric way of dwelling to civilisation were the possessions of their consecutive and nonstop efforts and struggles of living. The book’s central theme revolved around various economic activities like agricultural production and land use; Industry and Manufactures; Pottery; Salt Manufacturing; Yu or Rice beer; Boat Manufacture and Trade and commerce and its associated problems and prospects. This book will be of great value addition to the existing literature. It will also provide a strong foundation for further research on socio-political and economic history in the North Eastern States. Subsequently, it will be helpful in Policymakers, social scientists, and NGOs associated with socio-economic development studies in the region.