Over the years, North East India remained the hotbed of militant extremism largely attributable to identity politics seeking to institutionalise political aspirations of various ethnic communities. The emergence of educated middle class and a growing sense of alienation of the people from mainstream India has also had the effect of triggering growth of militant organizations adding substantially to political dynamics of the region. The proliferation of rebel groups coincided with the exclusion of economic issues and instruments in the ongoing peace process which has, so far, failed to address the core issues. In fact, the security dimensions of extremism often overshadowed development concerns of this resource rich region. The book attempts to analyse the sustaining force of state-specific extremism without which any possible political solution will only remain a far cry.