Ghanshyam Deka
  • ISBN : 9788193665435
  • year : 2020
  • language : English
  • binding : Hardbound
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The term ‘tourism’ literary means travel and its associated aspects. It has, however, presently assumed a new connotation. If we consider the term in the present day context, it includes the totality of relationships and phenomena arising from travel and temporary stay of strangers. According to the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) “Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited”. India is a fast developing nation from Asia. With its large area coverage, diverse culture, linguistic variations, and age old tradition make India as one of the most attractive destination among the tourists. It is a suitable destination for millions of tourist every year. Situated in the north eastern corner Mizoram is one of the most peaceful states in the country with hospitable Mizo people. Predominantly being as an agricultural state and less state income, Mizoram is clubbed to the backward economies in the country along with the other north eastern states. The state has few cottage and small scale industries. Being as a remotely located state with hilly terrain, it has limited chances for heavy industries. Lack of raw materials and labour forces are other hindrances for industrial development. Still service sector is the highest contributor to state income, followed by agriculture. As the state total income is less, alternative earning sources is necessary for betterment of economy. Considering all these drawbacks the state government declared its Industrial Policy (March 1993) wherein tourism was declared as an industry. It was a fair decision for the state with ample natural beauty, landscapes and vibrant culture which can be used as raw material for tourism industry. Though the tourism policy was initiated long back, but the state accounted for less numbers of visitors and placed at the bottom of the ranking table. Remote location of the state is major problem for which the state becomes a far away destination for domestic tourists. Tourism is also dependent on good transportation and better communication system. Mizoram recorded low road density that reflects of poor connectivity along with other north eastern state. Means of transportation is also not much impressive. Maxicab is the sole reliable means that covers whole state, while the bus services are mostly limited to the district head quarters that connected with Aizawl. Mizoram is a state of natural landscape along with hills, gorges, fast flowing rivers and the inhabitant who are called the Highlanders. Few tourist spots are associated with folk lore and fairy tales that describe the legends of the Mizos. So far tourist demand is concerned, Mizoram is found suitable for rural tourism, cultural tourism and adventure tourism. Being a tribal region, Mizoram also has some problems that clash with the rest of the Indians. Historical perspective, past political environment, societal behaviour, tradition and custom, food supply and structure, religious ideology, political agenda and racial characteristics make the northeastern tribal community separate from the main land non-tribal people. Present book is an attempt to reveal all those in details. Tourism is a dynamic business associated with the guest and host relationship. Hence, it is worthy to treat the guest as valued customers. For this business professionalism and curiosity are the two significant aspects where Mizoram tourism must needs to perform better. The present era is the era of globalization where live local; think global like approach is much needed for development Mizoram cannot stand apart from this idea of globalization. Instead of conservative state policy the state needed to be rather open. It will open the door for private entrepreneurs. Tourism from a holiday making fun to a profit making industry will be a paradigm shift for a state like Mizoram.