In popular usage, the term 'tribe' is understood as the original inhabitant of a region, place or locale. They are also known as indigenous people, primitive people or ‘Adivasi’ in Indian context. India is a big hub of different tribal groups belonging to different ethnicities. They practice different social customs, rituals and lead a distinct lifestyle. Their rich and varied heritage of folklore traditions, folk culture and oral traditions are significant features of India's cultural and literary heritage. In this book an attempt is made to understand the scenario of tribal literature in the context of India. The entire gamut of discussion revolves around the following chapters: Introduction; Exploring the Tribal World: India in Context; Tribal Values, Beliefs, Ethos and Tribal Mythology; Tribal Folklore and Cultural Expressions; Tribal Literary Tradition; Emergence of Tribal Literature in 20th Century; Plots, Themes and Characters; followed by Recent Developments with a concluding chapter.