India is one of the 17 mega biodiversity countries in the world. However, taxonomic inventory of India biota is far from complete. The goal of this publication is to identify and describe the mangrove plant species of India. Towards this objectives, the taxonomical identity and distribution of mangrove species found in the country is revised and described. During field investigations, each species of mangrove and associated plants were identified and sampled. Description and high-resolution image material for each species is provided, which allows easy identification of individual species. This information is needed for coastal management planning and policy development, especially in relation to shoreline rehabilitation and expansion of appropriate shoreline livelihood projects in the face of climate change and sea level rise. Furthermore, global distribution of each mangrove species and its conservation status is provided. Voucher specimens of all the mangrove species reported in the text have been deposited at CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow (LWG) as well in Annamalai University and regional centres of Botanical Survey of India as reference collections for the country.
Contents: Part-1 Mangroves An overview
Specialization in Mangroves
Structural diversity in Mangroves
Leaf diversity in Mangroves
Bark diversity in Mangroves
Root diversity in Mangroves
Flower diversity in Mangroves
Reproductive diversity in Mangroves
Part-2 Mangrove Floristics of the World
Origin and diversification
Mangrove species richness in IWP
Mangrove Forest structure
Part-3 Mangroves of India
Distribution of Mangroves in India
Mangrove Floristics of India
Description of Mangrove species
Part-4 State-wise glimpses of Indian Mangroves West Bengal
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
and Diu and Daman
Part-5 Significance of Mangroves
Climate Change adaption and Mitigation Carbon
Part-6 Conservation and Management
Restoration and Rehabilitation
Effectiveness of existing measures
Need of the hour
About the Author: P. Ragavan: is a National Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow.
T. S. Rana: is presently working as a Chief Scientist, Area Coordinator & Head in Plant Diversity, Systematics and Herbarium Division at CSIR-National Botanical Research institute, Lucknow (India).
P.M. Mohan: is Professor of Marine Biology at Pondicherry University.
K. Ravichandran: is the Chief Conservator of Forests in the Department of Environment and Forests, Union Territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli.
K. Kathiresan: has spent practically most of his career on mangroves. He is Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) in Marine Biology and is currently an honorary professor in Annamalai University.
Alok Saxena: is retired Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Andaman & Nicobar Administration. Currently working as Senior Consultant at Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India.
R.S.C. Jayaraj: is presently the Director of Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat, Assam.
T. Mageswaran: is working as a scientist in the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM), Tamil Nadu.