As per the new syllabus of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Vth Deans Committee the book on Fundamentals of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development has been written to serve as a textbook for the undergraduate and postgraduate students in various State Agricultural Universities. This book is an effort made in the direction of collecting and compiling the most valuable information from various related books and journals. In this book the information is included about education, extension education, extension programme planning, extension systems in India, new trends in agricultural extension, rural development, various rural development programmes launched by Government of India, various extension/ agriculture development programmes launched by ICAR/ Government of India, Community Development, Democratic Decentralization, extension administration and management, evaluation in extension, transfer of technology programmes, capacity building of extension personnel and farmers, extension teaching methods and audio-Visual aids, communication, agriculture journalism, and diffusion and adoption of innovation. Thus the material included in this book is an attempt to make an ideal textbook on the subject and would be highly useful and fulfil the needs of the students, research scholars, teachers, planners, administrators, extension workers etc. who are engaged in teaching and doing research on agricultural extension, rural development and communication areas.