The present book, Biotechnology: Potential Applications and Prospects, contains 21 articles on different aspects of biotechnology discipline. The book is the output of meaningful compilation of various recent research findings. The book contains four chapters such as Industrial Biotechnology and Phytochemistry, Environmental Biotechnology, Genetics and Biochemistry and Molecular Docking and Microbial Biochemistry. Under each section, different research topics contributed by authors who are veterans in their respective field of research. The results presented in this edition represent the latest achievements made in their own laboratories. The present book will serve not only as an excellent reference material for both young and experienced researchers who wish to examine what has been and what remains to be accomplished in this fast growing biotechnology field.