India has a rich cultural heritage. Culture embodies the ideas and norms of a group. It is the sum-total of its ideal patterns and norms of behavior. Culture fulfills those ethical and social needs of the groups that are ends in themselves. Culture possesses an order and system. Art is a manifestation or expression of inner thought which is obviously a creative in nature. It is a kind of visual communication carrying the cognitive meaning of the object. This art form is either tangible or intangible which are a kind of cultural attributes of an ethnic group. In the present treatise we chiefly concentrate upon both tangible art forms which one can observe, can even touch the object/specimen and also, the intangible art which one can feel through his/her empathy like? folklore, myth, riddle even the performing art forms etc. Often some tangible art form become a craft to a particular community through which they are identified, such as, bell metal works by Kansari, conch Shell work by Sankhari, painting on Pat by Patua and Dokra works by Gadwa community, Gayna bari, Dush avatar tash, Madhubani painting, puppetry, wood engraving, tattoo, basket weavers especially among Riang of Tripura etc. Among the intangible art forms, Kathak, Charan folk song, Pandawani, Toda myth etc. are the key attributes of our culture and our country?s heritage is enriched by these least known art forms.
Man learns his behavior from his immediate environment and this forms the basis and develops the traits of his culture. Thus culture is a system of learned behavior shared by and transmitted among the members of a group. Man begins to learn it since his birth. The present volume is an assembly of number of articles of various least known art forms of ? ?a multi-cultural nation?India?. This book can help students, NGO?s, planners cum local administrators to gain an insight into local cultural milieu which in turn can help them adapt a holistic approach for developmental programmes at micro levels.